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Canada Sees Employment Boost: 27,000 New Jobs Added in May 2024

Canada Sees Employment Boost: 27,000 New Jobs Added in May 2024

According to the latest Labour Force Survey, Canada experienced a slight but notable change in employment in May 2024. The survey revealed an increase of 27,000 jobs, representing a modest 0.1% rise in employment. Despite this increase, the employment rate fell by 0.1 percentage points to 61.3%. Meanwhile, the unemployment rate inched up to 6.2%, marking a 0.1 percentage point increase from the previous month and a significant 0.9 percentage point rise from a year ago. This indicates a tightening job market, with more individuals actively seeking employment. Canada Sees Employment Boost

Employment Trends Across Demographic Groups

Employment patterns in May 2024 varied significantly across different demographic groups. Young women aged 15-24 saw a substantial surge in employment, with an increase of 48,000 jobs (+3.7%). This is a promising sign for young women entering the workforce or transitioning between jobs. In contrast, young men in the same age group experienced a decline of 23,000 jobs (-1.6%), highlighting a gender disparity in youth employment trends. Canada Sees Employment Boost

For women aged 55 and older, employment grew by 21,000 jobs (+1.1%). This increase may reflect a growing trend of older women remaining in or re-entering the workforce. However, core-aged women (25-54 years) saw a decline of 40,000 jobs (-0.6%), which might indicate challenges in balancing work and other responsibilities, or potential shifts in industry demands affecting this age group. Canada Sees Employment Boost

Sector-Specific Employment Changes

Various industries experienced notable changes in employment during May. Health care and social assistance saw an increase of 30,000 jobs (+1.1%), underscoring the continued demand for health services and social support professionals. The finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing sector also grew, adding 29,000 jobs (+2.0%). This sector’s growth may be linked to ongoing economic activities and real estate market dynamics.

The business, building, and other support services sector added 19,000 jobs (+2.7%), reflecting a healthy demand for business services and support roles. Similarly, accommodation and food services saw a rise of 13,000 jobs (+1.1%), possibly due to seasonal increases in tourism and hospitality activities.

Part-Time vs. Full-Time Employment

May 2024 saw a significant rise in part-time employment, with an increase of 62,000 jobs (+1.7%), while full-time employment decreased by 36,000 jobs (-0.2%). Over the past year, part-time employment has grown at a faster pace (+3.8%) compared to full-time employment (+1.6%). This trend suggests that more people may be opting for or only able to find part-time work, potentially due to flexible working arrangements or economic constraints.

The involuntary part-time rate rose to 18.2% in May, up from 15.4% a year earlier. This indicates a higher proportion of part-time workers who are unable to find full-time jobs or are working part-time due to poor business conditions. This trend was more pronounced among women aged 25-54 and young men aged 15-24, highlighting a significant issue in the labor market where individuals may not have access to desired full-time employment opportunities.

Student Employment

For students, the employment rate for returning students aged 20-24 was 61.0% in May, down 2.9 percentage points from May 2023. This decline was more pronounced among male students, whose employment rate dropped by 6.6 percentage points to 57.3%. This trend could be attributed to various factors, including academic commitments, availability of suitable jobs, and economic conditions affecting student employment.

Hours Worked and Wage Growth

The total hours worked remained unchanged in May but saw a year-over-year increase of 1.6%. Average hourly wages experienced a substantial year-over-year increase of 5.1% (+$1.69), reaching $34.94. This wage growth indicates that employers may be offering higher wages to attract and retain workers amidst a competitive job market.

Indigenous Employment Rates

During National Indigenous History Month, it’s noteworthy that the employment rate for core-aged Inuit in Nunavut fell to 51.8%, a decline of 5.7 percentage points from the previous year. Among First Nations people aged 25-54 living off-reserve, the employment rate was stable at 68.7%. These statistics highlight ongoing challenges and disparities faced by Indigenous communities in the labor market, necessitating targeted interventions and support.

Provincial Employment Trends

Provincially, employment increased in three provinces in May, with Ontario leading the way with a rise of 50,000 jobs (+0.6%). This marks the fourth boost in five months for Ontario, indicating a robust job market. Manitoba also saw an increase of 7,800 jobs (+1.1%), mostly offsetting declines in February and March. The unemployment rate in Manitoba remained relatively stable at 4.9%, the lowest among the provinces, suggesting a strong local economy.

Saskatchewan experienced a notable increase of 5,400 jobs, marking the first significant rise since October of the previous year. On the other hand, Alberta saw a decrease of 20,000 jobs (-0.8%) in May, the first significant decline in employment since September 2023. This drop may be linked to various economic factors affecting the province’s job market.

Conclusion and Future Outlook

The employment landscape in Canada showed a mix of growth and challenges in May 2024. While the overall increase of 27,000 jobs is a positive sign, the slight rise in the unemployment rate and the disparities across demographic groups and provinces highlight areas that need attention. The significant growth in part-time employment and the rise in the involuntary part-time rate underscore the need for policies that promote full-time job opportunities and address the underlying economic conditions.

As Canada continues to navigate these employment trends, it’s crucial for job seekers and employers to stay informed and adaptable. If you’re considering moving to Canada for work, study, or tourism, understanding the job market dynamics can help you make informed decisions.

For personalized guidance and expert advice on applying for tourist visas, study permits, or work permits in Canada, feel free to contact us. Our experienced team is here to assist you every step of the way.

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